The pitch of each consecutive fret is defined at a half-step interval on the chromatic scale. Standard classical guitars have 19 frets and electric guitars between 21 and 24 frets, although guitars have been made with as many as 27 frets. Frets are laid out to accomplish an equal tempered division of the octave.
A neutralization reaction is the reaction between an acid and a base to produce water and a salt. A salt is another name for an ionic compound and the specific salt produced depends on the acid and base involved. The product solution is neutral while the starting solutions are acidic and basic respectively.