This results in an oval ring around each magnetic pole where auroras occur. The north pole aurora is called the aurora borealis and the aurora at the south pole is called the aurora australis. Depending on the level of recent solar activity, there may or may not be visible auroral activity all the way around the ring.
Water’s composition (two parts hydrogen to one part oxygen) was discovered by the London scientist Henry Cavendish (1731-1810) in about 1781. He reported his findings in terms of phlogiston (later the gas he made was proven to be hydrogen) and dephlogisticated air (later this was proven to be oxygen).