History of IQ Testing. The abbreviation IQ comes from the term intelligence quotient first coined by psychologist William Stern in the early 1900’s. This term was later used by Alfred Binet and the French government to objectively test and identify children in public schools with special educational needs.
By 285 CE the Roman Empire had grown so vast that it was no longer feasible to govern all the provinces from the central seat of Rome. The Emperor Diocletian divided the empire into halves with the Eastern Empire governed out of Byzantium (later Constantinople) and the Western Empire governed from Rome.