The liver is the only human internal organ capable of natural regeneration of lost tissue; as little as 25% of a liver can regenerate into a whole liver. Regeneration is very rapid. The liver will return to a normal size in one to two weeks following the removal of greater than 50% of the liver by mass.
No. The Prieuré de Sion (Priory of Sion) was a fake secret society create by a French con-man named Pierre Plantard. Plantard created the Priory in the 1965 as part of an elaborate hoax to crown himself the rightful king of France. To pull it off, Plantard and his accomplices forged documents and placed them in the French National Museum. The fake documents were later used as the basis for the 1980s conspiracy book, Holy Blood, Holy Grail, which Dan Brown later used as the basis for The Da Vinci Code. The Priory of Sion as described by Brown, never existed. There was however, a 12th century monastic order founded by Godfrey of Bouillon called the Abbey of Our Lady of Mount Zion.
When ashore they will drink fresh water from pools and streams and can sometimes be seen drinking water preened off their backs during rain showers. At sea penguins must drink salt water and they are able to do this because they have special glands abound the eye sockets that extract excess salt from the blood.
Discovery of Oxygen. Oxygen was discovered in 1774 by Joseph Priestley in England and two years earlier, but unpublished, by Carl W. Scheele in Sweden. Scheele heated several compounds including potassium nitrate, manganese oxide, and mercury oxide and found they released a gas which enhanced combustion.