1893 – Keir Hardie, a Scottish miner who had been elected MP for West Ham, set up the Independent Labour Party – a socialist propaganda society. 1900 – the Trades Union Congress set up the Labour Representation Committee (LRC) – with Ramsey MacDonald as secretary – to support working-class candidates in elections.
Horsepower (hp) is unit of measurement of power, the rate at which work is done. The most common conversion factor, especially for electrical power, is 1 hp = 746 watts. The term was adopted in the late 18th century by Scottish engineer James Watt to compare the output of steam engines with the power of draft horses.