Surfboard wax (also known as surfwax ) is a formulation of natural and/or synthetic wax for application to the deck of a surfboard, bodyboard, or skimboard, to keep the surfer from slipping off the board when paddling out or riding a wave. It is also used to increase grip on the paddle of a surf kayak or dragon boat.
Throughout scholarship multiple theories have been posited in an attempt to identify the group at Qumran (yahad). To date, the most widely accepted theory among scholars is the Essene hypothesis; that the community at Qumran associated with the scrolls can be best identified as the Essenes. Evidence for this notion primarily stems from accounts by Josephus, Philo of Alexandria, and Pliny the Elder. Though many scholars have suggested alternative identifications for the yahad, the Essene hypothesis remains the dominant theory in the field.
The origins of ice cream can be traced back to at least the 4th century B.C. Early references include the Roman emperor Nero (A.D. 37-68) who ordered ice to be brought from the mountains and combined with fruit toppings, and King Tang (A.D. 618-97) of Shang, China who had a method of creating ice and milk concoctions.