The Southern Ocean contains the waters that surround Antarctica and sometimes is considered an extension of Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans. In 1928, the first edition of the International Hydrographic Organization’s (IHO) Limits of Oceans and Seas publication included the Southern Ocean around Antarctica.
“The Big Apple” is a nickname for New York City. It was first popularized in the 1920s by John J. Fitz Gerald, a sports writer for the New York Morning Telegraph. Its popularity since the 1970s is due to a promotional campaign by the New York Convention and Visitors Bureau, known now as NYC & Company. In the Midwest, the town of Manhattan, Kansas, locals have taken to referring to the area as ‘The Little Apple.’