Nature

When were hurricanes named?

Forecasters begin using names in 1950. In that year and in 1951, names were from the international phonetic alphabet in use at the time – Able, Baker, Charlie, etc. Female, English-language names were used beginning in 1953. Alternating male and female names were first used to name Atlantic Basin hurricanes in 1979.

Why does Japan get so many earthquakes?

Why Japan has so Many Earthquakes. Japan is located along the Pacific “ring of fire”, on the edges of several continental and oceanic tectonic plates. This is an area of high seismic and volcanic activity from New Zealand, up through Japan, across to Alaska, and down the west coasts of North and South America.

Are the Atlantic and Pacific oceans the same level?

Sea level is about 20 cm higher on the Pacific side than the Atlantic due to the water being less dense on the Pacific side, on average, and due to the prevailing weather and ocean conditions. Such sea level differences are common across many short sections of land dividing ocean basins.

How many words does Scotland have for ‘snow’?

421. If that sounds like a lot, it is. Some examples: sneesl (to start raining or snowing); feefle (to swirl); flinkdrinkin (a light snow).

Why are icebergs made of fresh water?

True icebergs are galcier fragments that have fallen into the sea. Glaciers are made of compacted smow, which is fresh water. Additionally, “sea ice” that forms from the freezing of sea water is also basically fresh water as well. This is because when saltwater freezes, it excludes salt from the ice crystal lattice.

Is a lightning bolt hotter than the sun?

Lightning is 5 times hotter than the sun. Lighting can reach temperatures of 30,000 kelvins (53,540 degrees Fahrenheit). Compare that to the surface of the sun, 6,000 kelvins (10,340 degrees Fahrenheit).

Where is the biggest tree in the world?

The General Sherman is a giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) tree located in the Giant Forest of Sequoia National Park in Tulare County, in the U.S. state of California. By volume, it is the largest known living single stem tree on earth.